Deworming Dogs: Everything You Need to Know

Helene Aspgren

Have you seen any unusual signs in your dog and suspect worms? Here we explain what worms in dogs are, how they become infected, and how to treat them.

How do dogs become infected with worms?

Dogs can become infected with worms by consuming infected small animals such as mice, rats or birds. Additionally, eggs from these parasites can be spread in dog beds or blankets, making it possible for dogs to infect each other. Puppies are particularly sensitive and can be infected already in the mother's womb or via breastfeeding.

The most common types of worms in dogs

  • Roundworm: There are two varieties: Toxocara canis and Toxascaris leonina . The former is the most common and can be particularly problematic for puppies.
  • Tapeworm: A dog can become infected with tapeworm by eating an infected animal. Unlike roundworms, tapeworms are not transmitted directly from dog to dog.

Symptoms of worm infection

If you notice any of the following symptoms in your dog, it may be an indication of worms:

  1. Diarrhea and vomiting
  2. Nausea
  3. Weight loss with a swollen belly
  4. Cough
  5. Glossy coat
  6. Visible worm segments in the stool

If you suspect that your dog has a worm infection, you should immediately consult a veterinarian.

How to treat worms in dogs?

Diagnosis: A stool sample can confirm if your dog is infected. You can either visit your vet or use a self-test kit.

Dewormers: There are several dewormers to choose from, including tablets, pastes and spot-on preparations. The dosage varies depending on the dog's weight, and it is crucial to complete the treatment as directed.

Frequency: For adult dogs, deworming should only take place when necessary. This is different for puppies who may need multiple treatments.

Travel: If you plan to travel with your dog, check the destination country's requirements. Deworming may be mandatory before entry.

In conclusion, worm infections are a common canine health challenge, but with the right information and precautions, you can protect your four-legged friend. Keep your dog's environment clean and consult your vet at the slightest suspicion of worm infection.

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